Gregory Mendel

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Gregory Mendel

Gregory Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 in Brunn. He died on January 6, 1884. He lived for 82 years. His full name was Gregory Johann Mendel. He grew up in a family that spoke German. His parents were Anton and Rosie Mendel, and he had one younger and one older sister. They were peasants. When he was 2 days old, has was baptized. While growing up on the Mendel's farm, (in the family for over 130 years) he studied beekeeping and worked as a gardener. In his later life he became a Catholic priest. He eventually realized the importance of hereditary and began working with peas. A lot of people called him the monk in the garden.


Gregory Mendel 1822-1884
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Gregory Mendel 1822-1884

Gregory's work in selective breeding and hereditary

Mendels experiments became the basic theories in heriditary and genotype. He studied more than twenty-eight thousand pea plants. Gregory was sometimes called the "Friar who grew peas" because he was a monk. He was also called the father of genetics. What does genetics mean you might ask? Well, genetics is something influenced by genes. Similar to genetis is hereditary, hereditary means "capable of passing from parent to offspring through genes." In his time, people thought that a short plant and a tall plant that were cross-bread made a medium sized plant. It actually depends on what trait it carries. It can either be dominant or recessive. The dominant gene always is the one passed onto the offspring. So instead of a tall plant and a short plant making a medium plant, it makes a tall plant. Some of these traits are from sex linked traits.The tall plant has the dominant trait. Unfortunately, his information wasn't acknowleged until the 20th century by Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns. Here is Extra information. on Gregory Mendel.





Pea plant.  Like the one the Mendel used in his experiments
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Pea plant. Like the one the Mendel used in his experiments
Gregory Mendel's Grave
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Gregory Mendel's Grave

Resources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregor_Mendel INFORMATION ON MENDEL

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ FOR DEFINITIONS

Prentice Hall Science Explorer Textbook: Cells and Hereditary FOR INFORMATION

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com PICTURE OF GRAVE

http://farm2.static.flickr.com PICTURE OF PEA PLANT


Definitions

Genes - The basic physical unit of hereditary

Hereditary - Capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes

Genetic - Something influenced by genes

Crossbreed - To mate so as to produce a hybrid.

Hybrid - The offspring of two animals of different breeds

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