From District87 Wiki
Gregory Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 in Brunn. He died on January 6, 1884. He lived for 82 years. His full name was Gregory Johann Mendel. He grew up in a family that spoke German. His parents were Anton and Rosie Mendel, and he had one younger and one older sister. They were peasants. When he was 2 days old, has was baptized. While growing up on the Mendel's farm, (in the family for over 130 years) he studied beekeeping and worked as a gardener. In his later life he became a Catholic priest. He eventually realized the importance of hereditary and began working with peas. A lot of people called him the monk in the garden.
Gregory's work in selective breeding and hereditary
Mendels experiments became the basic theories in heriditary and genotype. He studied more than twenty-eight thousand pea plants. Gregory was sometimes called the "Friar who grew peas" because he was a monk. He was also called the father of genetics. What does genetics mean you might ask? Well, genetics is something influenced by genes. Similar to genetis is hereditary, hereditary means "capable of passing from parent to offspring through genes." In his time, people thought that a short plant and a tall plant that were cross-bread made a medium sized plant. It actually depends on what trait it carries. It can either be dominant or recessive. The dominant gene always is the one passed onto the offspring. So instead of a tall plant and a short plant making a medium plant, it makes a tall plant. Some of these traits are from sex linked traits.The tall plant has the dominant trait. Unfortunately, his information wasn't acknowleged until the 20th century by Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns. Here is Extra information. on Gregory Mendel.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregor_Mendel INFORMATION ON MENDEL
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ FOR DEFINITIONS
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Textbook: Cells and Hereditary FOR INFORMATION
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com PICTURE OF GRAVE
http://farm2.static.flickr.com PICTURE OF PEA PLANT
Genes - The basic physical unit of hereditary
Hereditary - Capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes
Genetic - Something influenced by genes
Crossbreed - To mate so as to produce a hybrid.
Hybrid - The offspring of two animals of different breeds